Narcissists and sociopaths are known for their pathological lying. They lie in order to deceive, to manipulate, and for their own benefit. They might also lie to gaslight someone and erode their sense of reality, causing their victims to feel off-balance. Unlike liars who lie to protect others or to preserve their self-image, chronic manipulators lie even when the situation does not warrant it because it gives them a sense of “duping delight” – the sadistic pleasure of being able to one-up and deceive someone successfully.
Featured image by Pablo Heimplatz.